The NYC Elder Abuse Center defines elder abuse as a single or repeated act, or lack of appropriate actions, which causes harm, risk of harm, or distress to an individual 60 years or older and occurs:

a) within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust; and/or
b) within an intimate partner and/or familial relationship; and/or
c) when the targeted act is directed towards an elder person by virtue of age or disabilities.

Elder abuse can be intentional or unintentional, includes acts of commission or omission, can take multiple forms, and includes but is not limited to physical, psychological, emotional, or sexual abuse, neglect, and financial exploitation.